America has imposed sanctions on more than 40 people for human rights abuses in nine foreign nations, including Guinea’s former President Alpha Conde and Karim Keita, son of former Malian leader Ibrahim Boubacar Keita.
The sanctions were imposed as the result of a multiyear investigation by the Treasury Department’s Office of Foreign Assets Control (OFAC).
Conde, who was overthrown in a 2021 coup, was sanctioned for “serious human rights abuses.”
In 2010, Conde became Guinea’s first democratically elected leader. He used a constitutional referendum to get rid of term limits and then ran for election a third time. He gained a reputation for endemic corruption and repeated human rights abuses, as well as rampant vote fraud in the 2015 election.
In May, Guinea’s attorney general initiated legal proceedings against Conde and 26 of his cronies for various crimes, including political violence. The alleged crimes range from complicity in murder and assault to destruction of property.
According to the U.S. Embassy in Guinea, Conde’s security forces engaged in violence against opposition supporters and “the government arbitrarily arrested and detained opposition members” in 2020.
In neighboring Mali, Keita headed the Security and Defense Commission of the National Assembly from February 2014 until his father, Mali’s president, was deposed in a 2020 coup. The younger Keita collected bribes, embezzled funds, and arranged the termination of officials who objected to his actions, allegedly.
Keita is accused of being involved in the kidnapping, torture, and murder of reporter Birama Toure, who was investigating Keita’s corruption.
The U.S. also sanctioned present and former officials in Latin America, Iran, the Philippines, Russia, and China (Tibet).