Baltimore’s homicide rate has risen since 2014. Over 200 people have been killed in Baltimore in just the first seven months of this year, about as many as died in all of the year 2014, even though Baltimore’s population has shrunk a lot since 2014.
Murders have risen there because prosecutors haven’t been seeking long sentences for people who commit serious crimes. As a result, criminals are soon back on the street, where many of them go on to murder innocent people. Most murders in Baltimore are committed by people who previously were convicted of a serious crime, but didn’t serve a lengthy sentence for that crime.
As City Journal notes, “serious crimes” are being “handled gently” by the city’s district attorney, Marilyn Mosby:
If these criminals had been kept in jail longer, that would have kept them from killing anyone.
Unnecessary killings are also occurring in Virginia, in places where progressive prosecutors refuse to seek longer sentences. Criminals have repeatedly killed people after being quickly released in Fairfax County due to the lenient sentences sought by left-wing commonwealth’s attorney Steve Descano.
This March, a man was charged with two killing homeless men in Washington, DC, after he was released from jail in Fairfax County after serving “just a few months.” Fairfax County prosecutors dropped felony charges against the man over a violent assault he committed on a woman, resulting in him only being convicted of a misdemeanor. As NBC notes, “Gerald Brevard III already had a long criminal record that stretched across the D.C. area before he was arrested this week and accused of shooting five men who were homeless, two fatally.” Descano had told prosecutors to seek only misdemeanor charges for many act that constitute felonies under state law.
The Free Beacon reports that “Two months before, another gunman, whom Descano had pleaded out on misdemeanors in 2020, killed an 18-year-old at a bus stop.” And in October, Descano allowed a violent criminal to be released on recognizance, “slapping him with just a $212 fine and one-year period of supervised probation. Police on Monday arrested Jones for beating 63-year-old Michelle Huntley to death at a bus stop where she had taken shelter.”
Longer sentences don’t just keep criminals in jail where they can’t commit crimes. They also deter people outside of prison from committing crimes. For example, a study found that giving repeat offenders longer sentences deterred people who had earlier been released from prison from committing new crimes. It found that sentence enhancements for repeat offenders reduced the rate at which people committed murder, robbery, and rape. (See Daniel Kessler & Steven J. Levitt, Using Sentence Enhancements to Distinguish Between Deterrence and Incapacitation, National Bureau of Economic Research Working Paper #6484 (1998))
Yet many left-wing prosecutors have recently refused to seek sentence enhancements mandated by state law, such as three-strikes laws. For example, Fairfax County Commonwealth’s Attorney Steve Descano refuses to seek felony enhancements for three-time offenders committing petty larceny. That refusal is likely to increase the crime rate. A 2008 Santa Clara University study found that longer sentences for three-time offenders led to “significantly faster rates of decline in robbery, burglary, larceny, and motor vehicle theft,” even after controlling for pre-existing crime trends and economic, demographic, and policy factors.
Maryland and Virginia are alike in many ways. But Maryland has shorter sentences for criminals than Virginia. It also has a violent crime rate more than double Virginia’s. In 2018, Maryland had a violent crime rate of 468.7 per 100,000 people, according to USA Today, compared to a violent crime rate of only 200 per 100,000 in Virginia. As ABC’s channel 7 has noted “the Maryland Judiciary is, generally speaking, more lenient on criminal defendants” and “Virginia has stricter laws on the books” and “harsh sentences,” which are “a huge deterrent” to crime, according to law enforcement sources, who said, “Criminals know if you commit crime in Virginia you might get whacked, while in Maryland, you might just get slapped on the wrist.”