President Barack Obama arrives in Africa for his first major trip later today, with the sense that he has failed his ancestral homeland and is less popular than George W Bush.
In many parts of the continent, Presidents Bush and Bill Clinton are more fondly remembered, for multi-billion pound programmes to treat AIDS and ease trade.
Mr Obama, by contrast, has launched no similar initiative, and faces growing criticism for his use of drones in the skies above Africa and widening militarisation of the US approach to the continent.
Protestors in South Africa are planning mass demonstrations against Mr Obama’s economic and foreign policies when he visits later this week. Kenyan officials privately admit they are angered that the US president, whose father was Kenyan, is not going there.
Nigeria is equally disappointed that Mr Obama is again bypassing West Africa’s powerhouse, which provides up to one-eighth of US oil. His only other visit to sub-Saharan Africa was a 22-hour fly-by to Ghana in 2009.